Endometriosis happens in the childbearing age. This reproductive system condition, defined by irregular growth of endometrial tissues beyond the uterus, is one of the main reasons for infertility in girls.

In normal circumstances, endometrial cells grow inside the uterus, forming its inner lining. If the egg launched in the fallopian tube after ovulation fails to fertilize, the endometrium breaks down. It is then eliminated from the uterus with menstrual bleeding. In some women, the endometrial cells grow in abnormal locations. They could grow in the fallopian tubes, on the external surface area of the uterus, on the ovaries and in other organs in the pelvic region.

The endometrial implants in endometriosis distort the structure of the fallopian tubes. The structural changes in the reproductive organs together with hormone imbalance produced by irregular endometrial tissue growths interfere with ovulation, fertilization of eggs and prevent implantation of the embryo.

Endometriosis could be treated with hormone medicines. Birth control pills can prevent abnormal growth of the endometrial cells. Therapy with danazol pushes down the estrogen level, resembling menopause, and preventing development of endometrial tissues. Gonadotropin hormone is injected in the body to prevent endometriosis by hindering secretion of hair follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and leutenizing hormone (LH) by the pituitary gland. While hormone therapies might hinder irregular growth of endometrial implants, they are not recommended for females preparing conception. To treat infertility in women with endometriosis in vitro fertilization (IVF) therapy is recommended. Large endometriosis implants might be removed through laparoscopy surgery.

Ayurvedic medication professionals advise intake of laxatives on the 14th and 15th day of the menstrual cycle to reduce the risk of endometriosis. Ladies vulnerable to endometriosis need to restrict intake of caffeine, liquor, cheese and meat. They ought to drink plenty of warm water.

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